Insects such as ants are merely a nuisance, travelling indoors in their search for food. Other insects such as mosquitoes, flies and cockroaches are not so harmless and may carry diseases. Female mosquitoes require blood to develop their eggs. To acquire this blood the female mosquito feeds on humans, diseases can be transmitted during the feeding process. Some of the diseases transmitted by mosquitoes include:
- Malaria: Spread by the Anopheles mosquito, the symptoms of this disease include fever, flu-like illness, nausea and vomiting. Malaria may cause anaemia (low red blood cell count), jaundice (yellowing of skin and eyes) and, in some instances, death.
- Dengue Fever: Spread by the Aedes aegypti mosquito, the symptoms of this disease include fever, headache and severe joint and muscle pain. On rare occasions the more serious and life threatening haemorrhagic (characterised by bleeding) form of the disease occurs.
The diets of insects like flies and cockroaches include decaying (i.e. garbage) and faecal matter. Bacteria may be transferred to the insects’ legs when they land on this material or may be ingested by the insect during feeding. The insect can contaminate food when it lands or excretes waste on food. Persons eating this contaminated food can then become ill.
Flies and cockroaches are potential vectors (carriers) of diseases such as:
- Dysentery: An inflammation of the intestine that results in diarrhea, vomiting and fever.
- Typhoid: An illness that causes fever, stomach pains, fatigue, loss of appetite and a rash.
- Gastroenteritis: An inflammation of the stomach and intestine that results in headache, fever, stomach pains, watery diarrhea and vomiting.
What kind of active substances are in BOP Insecticides?
The active ingredients (i.e. substances that kill insects) in BOP Insecticides are pyrethroids. Pyrethroids are man-made forms of pyrethrins – naturally occurring insecticides that are extracted from chrysanthemum flowers.
How do BOP Insecticides work?
BOP is a contact insecticide, this means that insects must come in direct contact with the spray or residue on a treated surface if the product is to work. BOP attacks the insect’s nervous system, affecting its motor and sensory functions. BOP contains two types of pyrethroids; knockdown and killing agents, which as their names suggest knockdown (i.e. disable) and kill insects. Synergists in the formulation increase the efficacy of these two agents.
For more information about BOP, visit www.usebop.info.